Przemysł rolno-spożywczy w województwie wołyńskim w latach 1921–1939.

Artur Czuchryta


In the years of the Second Polish Republic, the Volyn province , as an agricultural region, had good conditions for the development of the agricultural and food industry. At the beginning of the 1930s, the provivce was in the lead in the growth of among otherss, wheat (13,3% of the domestic production), barely (11,1%), millet (25,5%), hemp (25,9%), clover (14,6), canola and agrimony (24,2%), buckwheat (22,6%) and hop (63,4%). At the same time, Volyn bcoame the main hop centre in Poland. The province was also in the lead in breeding: in 1934 it ranked first in horse breeding and fourth in pig farming. In the years 1921-1936, progress in the development of the local supply area for the agricultural and food industry was noticeable.

Considerable changes took place in the functioning and production of the Volyn agricultural and food industry dyring yhe time of the Second Polish Republic. The changes included the necessity of reconstructing damaged buildings giving up the opening of some factories reorientation of the markets (due tothe lack of stabilized conditions of trading with Russia), nation-wide cartelization of some lines of busines, limiting production by putting quotas (e.g. sugar industry), and the development of modern bacon industry (by well-known Łódź industries- the eisert family).

The aim of the actions that were undertaken by the goverment with respect to the agriculture as well as agricultural and food industry in Volyn was to diversify the crops and the agricultural income by popularizing oil crops and supporting new branches of industry.

Słowa kluczowe

II Rzeczpospolita, przemysł, Wołyń

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