Świat „na opak” – ironia, przestroga, rzeczywistość. Literackie wyobrażenie kobiet aspirujących do kierowania państwem.

Barbara Obtułowicz


The article is a comparative study of Lysistrata (411 B.C.) and Women in Parliament (391 B.C.) - comedies by Aristophanes, Feminie Parliament (ca. 1569) - work by Marcin Bielski, and Gobierno Reprezentativo y Constitucional del Bello Sexo Espanol - a liberal Spanish periodical from 1841. Those works present a literary vision of the participation of women in public life, as well as the femine desire to size power over men. The hidden main idea is criticism of the goverment exercised by men, and search for ways to improve it. The idea of admintting women to politics is not be understood as a proposal to be realized in practice, but as a humoristic warning. If men do not unite to save the state, women will start to tule them, and having a meange knowledge of politicsand diplomacy, they will bring tho state to a downfull. Everything will stand upside down then: women will take ove rmen's jobs, and men-women's. This, the studied texts have two complementary implied meanings: literal and figurative. The first one reflects an irony, and the second one a caution. Women wanted the rule through the parliament elected among them. It is worth noting that the aspiration of woman to take over the helm did not follow from their egoistic ambitions, but it was provoked by men's incompetence in the face of the really catastrophic situation of the state. The ladies become indignant with that fact, and it awakened their patriotism and feeling of responsibility for the fate of the state. as the same time , they wanted to prove that they had their own efficient ways of rulling both the state and men.

Słowa kluczowe

kultura polityyczna, społeczeństwo hiszpańskie w XIX w.

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