Działalność polityczna Jana Luksemburskiego w okresie buntu krakowskiego wójta Alberta i jego ocena w czeskiej historiografii.

Robert Antonín


John of Bohemia was using the title of the king of Poland since 1310. However, the events thatook place in Poland in the years 1311–1312 did not alter the main direction of his political activity. At that time, his most prominent advisor remained Archbishop of Mainz Peter of Aspelt, however, John of Bohemia was also influenced by other members of the court. He focused on ensuring stability of his power in the countries that belonged to the Bohemian crown, primarily in the Kingdom of Bohemia (coronation), Moravia (by obtaining the loyalty of the local gentry) and in the Opavian Silesia (by paying the debts of dukes of Wroclaw and Legnica: Bolesław, Henry, and Wladyslaw). This policy brought him respect in Bohemia and Moravia that was expressed by the so-called inauguration documents from 1311. A ser ious problem in the international policy of the young king of Bohemia was the activity of the Habsburgs. As the successor of Henry of Bohemia, King John had to run into debt of 40 thousand kopas of Prague groschen. It was a price for which Henry of Bohemia bought the Habsburgs’ right to the Bohemian throne in 1308. At the same time, King John established his first diplomatic contacts with the royal cour t in Hungary. He was not interested in the Polish matters until 1320s. He also did not react to the events that took place in Krakow in the years 1311–1312 and did not get involved in the Polish matters which are not mentioned in Czech sources from the first half of the 14th century (Chronicon Aula regiae; Chronicon Francisci Pragensis, etc.). In accordance with that, Czech historiography from the 20th and 21st centuries (J. Šusta, J. Spěváček, L. Bobková, J. Mezník) only treats the issue of Mayor Albert’s  rebellion marginally.

Słowa kluczowe

Jan Luksemburski, wójt Albert, Kraków w XIV w.

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