Relacje dzieci ostatnich posiadaczy ziemskich województwa krakowskiego jako przykład źródeł kształtujących narrację historyczną o postawach ziemian w okresie okupacji


  • Marcin Chorązki IPN w Krakowie


Słowa kluczowe:

historia oralna, pamięć, wojna i okupacja, wspomnienia


Oral history is a reference to the traditional method of gathering information about the past. Already Herodotus used this approach for collecting sources. However, the methodological progress emphasized scepticism towards the memory of witnesses, and held the value of documents in high regard. That is why, the return to oral history in academic research,especially in the studies of social history, is a kind of renaissance in the historian’s workshop.The author of the article analyzes the difference between the classical understanding of the value of witnesses’ relations and the conscious evoking of the sources i.e. the historian’s use of memory resources of the history witnesses. The witnesses do not necessarily have to bepeople who took responsibility for the communities, countries or organizations but those who formed these organisms. Important are the memories of an average person, a man and a woman, because the diverging perspectives allow for noticing various aspects of historical events. Critical analysis of the content, gestures, face expressions, language and the tone ofthe utterances allows for making the most of the source of historical narration and more. The article characterizes the author’s journey to recognizing the value of such sourcesin historical research. Chorązki showed his initial weakness for classical workshop of the historian as well as described his indifference and scepticism towards oral sources.Simultaneously, he depicted his increasing fascination with this type of academic research verging on social sciences. He particularly emphasizes another aspect of his weakness for the oral sources - he describes his research journeys with other people, pointing out that sucha form of meeting with another person and his or her history can be an interesting method of gathering information about the subject of the research and, above all, of getting to knowanother person.The experiences of Marcin Chorązki with the witnesses of history as well as his methods of using such materials in his work can serve as an examples of how one can skilfully follow the traces of history and witnesses’ memory. The author characterized his witnesses in quite a detail, pointing to their personal traits. He did not hesitate to show their weaknesses anddifficult experiences to the reader. In his opinion, this is the value of the witnesses’ relations. Marcin Chorązki Memory resources of the witnesses gave him the possibility of filling in the spheres of human life that were not dealt with in the archives created by institutions. The author creates a thesis that oral history should coexist with other sources in the workshop of a historian who dealswith the recent history. It follows from, among other things, the belief that the aim of the research is to gain knowledge about the life of people in the past. And nothing can make the moods, emotions or the life of particular people more understandable than memories of those who lived in that time.




Jak cytować

Chorązki, M. (2016). Relacje dzieci ostatnich posiadaczy ziemskich województwa krakowskiego jako przykład źródeł kształtujących narrację historyczną o postawach ziemian w okresie okupacji. Res Gestae, 12, 171–186.