Broń ostatniej szansy. Zagraniczne zakupy sprzętu wojskowego dla armii II Rzeczypospolitej (wiosna–lato 1939 r.)

Wojciech Mazur


Already at the begining of indepedence, a conviction was formed at the top of the military hierrachy of the Second Polish Republic that the equipment of the army should be based on native production. The idea was accepted as a sort of an axiom, and was realized consistenly, although with some flexibility. In the second half of the 1939s., negative consequences of such an armament policy were becoming more and more visible. In many cases, Polish design offices turned out to be incapable of keeping up with world leaders, and the process of implementing foreign licenses and startind up a production on their basis was too slow. in spite of the worsening international situation, the decision of launching an  intervention purchase of modern equipment abroad was postponed until the middke of March 1939. Negotiatons concerning armament loans that began in May 1939 in London and paris turned out to be delayed - the final agreements were signed on 2nd and 18th August 1939. They made it possible to make  the most urgent purchases, however, the equipment that was immeditately dispatched did not manage to reach Poland before the end of the September Campaign of 1939.

The tragic end demonstrares the dramatic character of the decision with which the constructors of the armament policy of the Second Polish Republic were faced. The strategic conditions in which the policy had to develop did not provide any fully rational solutions to their dilemmas.

Słowa kluczowe

II Rzeczpospolita, siły zbrojne, zbrojenia 1939, sprzęt wojskowy, produkcja i handel

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